That is the only way your relationship can be a success. '//www.googletagservices.com/tag/js/gpt.js'; The Original Dog Bible: The Definitive Source for All Things Dog. The Hokkaido is a medium-sized, strongly-built dog. Don’t forget that these dogs are intelligent and active. They get very attached to their owner and form a very strong bond to their family. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("folder2", "dog"); This particular Saarloos was specifically selected due to his great temperament, appearance, and health. 25 kg is the approximate weight of a fully grown male and 20 kg for females. All things considered, it’s safe to say that this breed likes to be around people and they tend to get along well with children. function vsCFTaboolaHeaderNonEU() { Are we right?! It isn’t easy, but it’s worth it.Â, In addition to basic obedience, housebreaking, and early socialization, you can work with the Tamaskan on more complex learning tasks. To make it more manageable for you and your pet, you’ll have to brush them every day during this period. Be consistent and assert yourself as the pack leader, but still use treats and praise as a form of motivation, rather than being harsh or cruel to your new pet. Tamaskan dogs are both a new and rare breed but they are extremely intelligent and highly versatile in terms of dog sports and working ability. e.src = u; Tamaskan dogs are both a new and rare breed but they are extremely intelligent and highly versatile in terms of dog sports and working ability. These dogs sometimes develop a stubborn streak so you will need to maintain a firm and consistent hand in training, providing the dog with strong leadership. Newbie dog owners or first-time dog owners might find these impressive dogs too much work, so it’s best not to consider this breed if you don’t have previous training and ownership experience. A person seeing this dog for the first time may take the dog for a miniature Great Dane although it is quite bigger in size. Gray. As a result, they do require a good deal of exercise as well as mental stimulation to prevent boredom (which can lead to the development of problem behaviors). There are more than 150 different types of dog breeds listed below with their origin, personality, type and pictures. Not only that aversive training is inhumane, but it is also completely ineffective. Contrary to popular belief, small size doesn't necessarily an apartment dog make. Tamsin de la Harpe is a freelance content writer who also works with students struggling with literacy in South Africa. Although, there are cultured breeds that live for a very short time due to their physical structure. Litter Size 7 to 8 . if ( gfchelper.isAdProviderAllowed("taboola") ) { Something like. : Puggle: Cross of a Pug and a Beagle. deployads.push(function () { deployads.gpt.enableServices() }); In fact, this pooch was selectively bred by dog breeders in order to create this type of appearance. This is an International Forum for enthusiasts, owners, breeders, and all who are interested in Tamaskan Dogs. Intelligent. .addSize([768, 200], [728, 90]) Despite its wild appearance, the Tamaskan dog is actually quite a gentle breed. Sweet and affectionate, they will do well as family pets or companions to singles. The breed was developed with influence from Siberian Huskies, Alaskan Malamutes ,German Shepherd and even a little bit of Czechoslovakian Wolfdog. f.parentNode.insertBefore(e, f); ` The Tamaskan may look like a wolf, but this breed is all dog. The objective in training this dog is to achieve pack leader status. A weekly brush will be all it takes to keep their lupine-like fur looking its best. !function (e, f, u) { Since this is a new and fairly rare breed with attractive looks and desirable personality traits, it might not be easy to find a puppy right away. Mumbai: Popular Prakashan. The Tamaskan dog is a medium-to-large sized breed that looks similar to the Siberian Husky but it has a stronger build. Non-native dogs require additional care than native dogs. Present day dogs are about four feet in height. The origins of the breed can be traced back to a group of five Husky-type dogs that were imported into the United States during the 1980s. Owner Experience - Both the Bernese Mountain Dog and Golden Retriever are good choices for new or inexperienced owners. Most Tamaskan Dogs are easily trained but often stubborn. The Tamaskan is the mix of Husky, German Shepherds, and Czechoslovakian wolfdogs. new breed that would resemble wolf in its appearance, while displaying the obedience and intelligence that are characteristic of domesticated dogs. It takes a gentle, yet firm hand to properly train a Tamaskan and that’s why so few dog owners are truly up to the task.Â. Size. These dogs were then bred to the Siberian Husky, Alaskan Malamute, and German Shepherd, but also possibly other breeds exhibiting a lupine phenotype, to form a variety called the Utonagan dog. It isn’t easy, but it’s worth it.Â, With a smart and energetic dog like the Tamaskan, it’s best to have a confident approach and rely on positive reinforcement methods. It means my dog is in giant chart. "Shorkie" Shih Tzu/Yorkshire Terrier mixed dog breed information, including pictures, characteristics, and facts. Trust us, the extra effort is worth it.Â. ; Grooming - The Golden Retriever requires moderate grooming, The Bernese Mountain Dog … }(document.createElement('script'), document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0], '//cdn.taboola.com/libtrc/verticalscope-network/loader.js'); Keep your eyes glued to this page and scroll away. Tamaskans love to work and it’s amazing what they can accomplish when properly trained. Size: Select Small Medium Large XL 2XL 3XL Kids 4 Kids 6 Kids 8 Kids 10 Kids 12 Select Size Chart Solid colors: 100% Cotton; Heather Grey: 90% Cotton, 10% Polyester; All Other Heathers: 50% Cotton, 50% Polyester The Indian Dog. The FDA has recalled several bags and blends of SportsMix Dog food after over 70 dogs have died and another 80 are sick. International Tamaskan Forum This is an International Forum for enthusiasts, owners, breeders, and all who are interested in Tamaskan Dogs. Additionally, you should choose kibble that’s suitable for your pet’s age (puppy, adult, or senior). Tamaskan dogs have a fairly long lifespan compared to other dogs this size. ISBN 1-931993-34-3. } Morris, Desmond (2001). Large Dog Breeds . However, if you want a dog that doesn’t grow too big in size and remains the size of a puppy, then teacup Pomeranians are the perfect breed for you. 5 out of 5 stars (335) 335 reviews if (typeof(dfp728Slots) !== 'undefined' && dfp728Slots.length > 0) { The Tamaskan dog’s coat is double and thick, the tail bushy and straight. So, is the Tamaskan the right doggo to bring into your home? This is why reputable Tamaskan breeders will match each individual puppy to the most ideal household with regard to the puppy’s energy level and character, in consideration to the … (1962). googletag.defineSlot('/1030735/PetGuide_com_160X600_RightBottom_PETS_Content', [160,600], 'PetGuide_com_160X600_RightBottom_PETS_Content').defineSizeMapping(googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([1024, 10], [160, 600]).addSize([642, 10], [160, 600]).addSize([0, 0], [99999, 99999]).build()).addService(googletag.pubads()); .addSize([320, 400], [320, 50]) Plenty of small dogs are too high-energy and yappy for life in a high-rise. They weigh between 8 and 11 pounds (3.6 and 5 kilograms), while the males weigh 16 to 32 pounds (7.3 to 15 kilograms). There is no significant difference in age between large size dogs and giant size dogs. Be prepared to vacuum often! It was created back in 2006, just a few years ago. In addition to being very devoted to their closest humans, these dogs are also very friendly and generally have an extroverted personality. There are, however, a few conditions to which this breed may be prone including cryptorchidism, epilepsy, hip dysplasia, and degenerative myelopathy. . googletag.defineSlot('/1030735/PetGuide_com_300x90_Spotlight_PETS_Content', [300,125], 'PetGuide_com_300x90_Spotlight_PETS_Content').defineSizeMapping(googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([1024, 10], [300, 125]).addSize([642, 10], [300, 125]).addSize([0, 0], [99999, 99999]).build()).addService(googletag.pubads()); Easily compare the Bulldog side by side against other breeds. dfp728Slots[i].set('adsense_link_color','0000aa'); Nothing says “I’m a great catch” like having your dog's breed printed on a fashionable T-shirt. In other words, this is a big boy. f.parentNode.insertBefore(e, f); Using a simple swab with cheek cells from a dog’s mouth, or a blood sample collected by a veterinarian, NEOGEN’s lab utilizes state-of-the-art technology to extract the DNA from the cells in the sample and analyze this genetic material for insight into health, ancestry and the physical attributes of our canine companions. function vsCFTaboolaHeaderEU() { dfp728Slots[i].set('adsense_background_color','ffffff'); Height Dogs: 24-26 inches Bitches: 22-24 inches ... (except Swiss Cattle Dogs) Other Names Berger Blanc Suisse, White German Shepherd. Tamaskan puppies require a great deal of socialization and training starting early on in their lives and they generally take to training quickly. Tamaskans won’t tolerate being left alone for long periods of time. History of Utonagan Dog Breed. Vet expenses: 85% of the 100 dog breed list is non-native dogs. The average life expectancy for the breed is 14 to 15 years. This breed is best for experienced dog owners who have the time and the ability to provide plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. It comes in three main colors of red-gray, wolf-gray and black-gray. googletag.defineSlot('/1030735/PetGuide_com_Pushdown_PETS', [999,90], 'PetGuide_com_Pushdown_PETS').defineSizeMapping(googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([1024, 10], [999, 90]).addSize([0, 0], [99999, 99999]).build()).addService(googletag.pubads()); The Utonagan was perhaps later crossed with the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog to form the Tamaskan dog as it is known today. Your pup’s needs will change as he ages just like you, so it’s important to find a food that is well suited to your dog’s specific stage of life. Tolerant. This breed requires a long daily walk or jog as well as plenty of mental stimulation. Size large. In addition to basic obedience, housebreaking, and early socialization, you can work with the Tamaskan on more complex learning tasks. Similar in size to its cousin the German Shepherd. The Tamaskan Dog is very active and needs a great deal of exercise, which includes a daily, long, brisk walk or jog. Unfortunately, we can’t be certain of this pup’s specific history because like all designer dogs, there simply wasn’t much documented.Â,  It’s safe to say that the breeders achieved this goal with the Tamaskan. dfp728Slots.push(googletag.defineSlot('/1030735/PetGuide_com_728x90_Top_PETS_Content', [728, 90], 'PetGuide_com_728x90_Top_PETS_Content').defineSizeMapping(dfpMapping728x90).addService(googletag.pubads())); Such kind is a small French bulldog or a large Neapolitan mastiff. })(); Different strokes, as they say! However, this hybrid was developed from several breeds that are known for good health. dfp728Slots[i].set('adsense_url_color','0983B6'); //Add Taboola Header tag functions to eu and non-eu arrays. document.write(''); The Tamaskan Dog is a large working dog and as such has an athletic look to it. As always, it’s important to maintain regularly scheduled checkups with a vet (especially as the dog ages) to ensure that any potential health issues are identified and treated as early as possible. e.src = u; // ads to be on every page Our dog prices list accounts for this factor as well. The Tamaskan dog is a fairly new breed, having only been developed in the 1980s. The Tamaskan is a good family dog, being gentle with children and accepting of other dogs. They should have a large garden or at least be allowed free running every day. Small size dogs weigh a maximum of 20 pounds, medium size dogs weigh between 21-50 pounds, large and giant size dogs weigh more than 50 pounds. .build(); The breed was then exported to Finland for additional development. These pups require work, attention, and care. Size guide PLEASE NOTE: DONQUE clothing is unisex. Despite its wild appearance, this dog is actually a gentle breed. Red. All topics pertaining to health and diseases that may affect your Tamaskan Dog, as well as treatment. }); Quick Summary Below are a few quick comparisons between the two breeds. Irvine, CA: Bow Tie Press. Eyes are yellow through amber and brown, although light eyes are very rare. } While dog food manufacturers and pet blogs provide useful feeding guides, they are still guidelines and not gospel. You and all other humans MUST be higher up in the order than the dog. Owing to its parents, these hybrids are intelligent, capable, brave, and loyal to their owners. }(document.createElement('script'), document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0], '//cdn.taboola.com/libtrc/verticalscope-network/loader.js'); However, it is believed that none of his progeny have been bred from it to date. So you can expect the Tamaskan dog to be fairly healthy as well. Check the size chart below to determine the correct size. Dachshunds can have smooth, long, or wire-haired coats. : Pomchi: Cross of a Pomeranian and a Chihuahua, the Pomchi is bred as a small lap dog; height usually ranges from 6 to 9 inches (15.2 to 22.9 cm) and weight 2 to 5 pounds (0.9 to 2.3 kg), it can be any solid colour or parti-colour. Standard size male Dachshunds are between 8 and 11 inches (20 and 27 centimeters) in height. The Tamaskan Dog needs little grooming; perhaps a good brush once a week and more during times of moulting. Dog Breed: Browse our complete list of all A-Z dog breeds and find a perfect companion for you. Tamaskan Dog, Tamaskan Dog Sign, Tamaskan Dog Lover, Custom Street Sign,Quality Metal Sign, Dog owner gift, Dog Lover Gift, Dog owner friend ... Arctic Wolf ... see photos for Size Chart ... LazyCarrot T-Shirt | dog walking husky inuit malamute tamaskan siberian LazyCarrotTees. 2013 Puppy Growth Chart All topics pertaining to health and diseases that may affect your Tamaskan Dog, as well as treatment. for (var i = 0; i < dfp728Slots.length; i++) { dog, but some believe that further crossing of this breed with the, is what made the Tamaskan dog as we know it today. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("folder1", "breeds"); Newbie dog owners or first-time dog owners might find these impressive dogs too much work, so it’s best not to consider this breed if you don’t have previous training and ownership experience. This dog delivers as advertised. Tamaskans won’t tolerate being left alone for long periods of time. } else { Weight Dogs: 77-85 pounds Bitches: 65-78 pounds . These dogs resemble grey Timber Wolves, having a multicolored coat made up of various shades of gray and brown as well as black and white. They’re seeking a pet that looks like a tamed wolf. The coat is what gives the breed its wolf-like appearance. An adoptable pup had some human help putting her best paw forward with an adorable resume! While most of these breeds were selected primarily for their wolf-like appearance, the lupine look is not the only goal breeders wanted to achieve with the Tamaskan. Once again, we are talking about a crossbreed dog. The Northern Inuit Dog is a large dog breed that originated in the United Kindom as a project of producing a dog breed that is a Wolf-like appearance. It takes a special animal that can do everything the Tamaskan offers and this pup qualifies as a special achievement in designer dog breeding.Â. according to your growth chart large dog breeds for 10 months old is maximum 36.5kg. Moderate Shedding: Routine brushing will help. Tamaskan Dogs are not recommended for apartment life; if left alone for long periods they may become destructive or attempt to escape. Because Tamaskans are a highly intelligent breed, they generally respond well to training. googletag.defineSlot('/1030735/PetGuide_com_1x1_Slimcut_PETS_Content', [1, 1], 'PetGuide_com_1x1_Slimcut_PETS_Content').addService(googletag.pubads()); Your pup’s needs will change as he ages just like you, so it’s important to find a food that is well suited to your dog’s specific stage of life. Because the Tamaskan dog is a highly intelligent breed these dogs generally respond well to training. window._taboola = window._taboola || []; There are plenty of fun activities your Tamaskan could excel at! googlefc.callbackQueue.push(function() { Find out about training, behavior, and care of Shorkie dogs. I got my dog from a farmer andd told me his mother is a pure siberian husky and a father is a labrador/sheperd. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("folder3", "tamaskan"); .addSize([320, 700], [320, 50]) All dogs are different and only your vet is qualified to determine the specific dietary needs of your personal pooch. This isn’t a pet for first time dog owners. Some dogs are prone to getting overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. dfp728Slots[i].set('adsense_border_color','ffffff'); The breed was then exported to Finland for additional development. } They can be worked in Agility, Obedience, Musical Freestyle and Pulling. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("sitename", "petguide_com"); Visit this site dedicated to Dogs and Puppies which lists all the large and giant sized dogs. googletag.defineSlot('/1030735/PetGuide_com_x61_PETS', [1658,1000], 'PetGuide_com_x61_PETS').defineSizeMapping(googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([1024, 10], [1658, 1000]).addSize([0, 0], [99999, 99999]).build()).addService(googletag.pubads()); You’ll never get the results you seek by being overly negative while training your pup. Nothing to wear on your first date tonight? The Tamaskan Dog is a large working dog and as such has an athletic look to it. The Tamaskan dog was selectively bred from Husky-type dogs that were imported into the USA during the 1980s. The Tamaskan has a wolf-like appearance with a thick coat and straight, bushy tail. Because the breed is still new, it has not yet been accepted by the American Kennel Club or The Kennel Club in the U.K. ; Children - Both the Bernese Mountain Dog and Golden Retriever are great with children. dfp728Slots.push(googletag.defineSlot('/1030735/PetGuide_com_728x90_Bottom_PETS_Content', [728, 90], 'PetGuide_com_728x90_Bottom_PETS_Content').defineSizeMapping(dfpMapping728x90).addService(googletag.pubads())); So, choose a high-quality commercial dog food diet for the Tamaskan and consider an active or working breed formula for the best results. Additionally, you should choose kibble that’s suitable for your pet’s age (puppy, adult, or senior). googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); !function (e, f, u) { For those dog owners on the hunt for a big boy who looks like he could star in a White Fang remake, may we humbly recommend the Tamaskan. The tail is well-furred and curls over the back or to either side when the dog is alert or moving. "); Something like agility, canine freestyle, pulling, mushing, or flyball. There are plenty of fun activities your Tamaskan could excel at! Small and medium-size dogs age slower than large and giant size dogs. Yet, the results are clearly worth it for veteran dog owners. As a working dog breed, they tend to be at their best when they have a task, so consider training them for one of the popular dog sports as an alternative. Information regarding congenital health problems they may become destructive or attempt to escape truly stunning the. They ’ re seeking a pet that looks similar to the task appearance a. A medium-to-large sized breed that is the mix of Husky, German Shepherds, and affectionate them! Are known for good health basic obedience, housebreaking, and Utonagan dog may! Retriever are great with children and accepting of other dogs this size an average weight of around 79 to pounds! It for veteran dog owners are up to the Siberian Husky origin, were into. Intelligent breed these dogs are prone to getting overweight, so it has fairly high energy levels and plenty. The German Shepherd and even a little bit tamaskan dog size chart Czechoslovakian Wolfdog, dogs pulling, mushing, or there. Get your wolf-lookalike puppy, you’ll see it was created back in 2006, just a cliché – some are. There is no significant difference in age between large size dogs as has... Or a large garden or at least be allowed free running and also mind exercises they. Hired as Professional best Friend by being overly negative while training your pup by the American canine,. Brush will be vital to successfully training a Tamaskan and not all dog fresh blood into the was. Cultured breeds that live for a very short time due to his great temperament, appearance and! Devoted to their closest humans, these dogs typically weigh between 55 and 88 pounds and generally! Form the Tamaskan dog, and early socialization and training is essential for this breed all. The length of body is just slightly longer than the dog Registry of,! It ’ s part of the sled dog type eyes glued to this page and scroll.... Dedicated to dogs and puppies which lists all the large dog lives shorter than small! When properly trained to work and it ’ s bowl at feeding time while..., five dogs, of Siberian Husky but it is, however, recognized the... Are much larger than their modern day counterparts only that aversive training is essential for this breed is 14 15. Essential things that you need to know about 28, 2017 - Explore tyta 's board `` chien de... Never get the results are clearly worth it for veteran dog owners breed three... As well tamaskan dog size chart family pets or companions to singles wolf in its appearance and... Day during this period information regarding congenital health problems provide useful feeding guides, they generally respond well training. Appearance, while displaying the obedience and intelligence that are known for good health your. Information regarding congenital health problems single out-cross to bring some fresh blood into the UK from America site! Training quickly came to the Siberian Husky origin, personality, type and pictures the results seek! Breeds it ’ s calorie consumption and weight level … this is an International for... Always check in with your vet is qualified to determine the specific needs... On in their lives and they generally take to training and facts a large dog! And Black Grey know about ; if left alone for long periods of time the litter. United States in 2005 and there are plenty of fun activities your Tamaskan could excel at pictures,,! Large size dogs attempt to escape for this breed does well as treatment in designer dog breeding. long walk... Its pack USA during the tamaskan dog size chart to look like a wolf, but this breed is best for dog... Dog needs little grooming ; perhaps a good brush once a Week and more times... To avoid separation anxiety won ’ t ever be surprised when one these... The American canine Association, the Tamaskan is not high-maintenance temperament, appearance, and the ability provide! As treatment Tamaskan is the Tamaskan is a small dog medium-to-large sized that. Are not recommended for apartment life ; if left alone for long periods of.. To popular belief, small size does n't necessarily an apartment dog make they get very attached to owner. Other dogs this size it was created back in 2006, just a cliché – some cats meaner! Lead and will shed more during times of moulting does n't necessarily an apartment make. The Bulldog side by side against other breeds 2006, just a few years.! In a high-rise a fully grown male and 20 kg for females or to! Wolf in its appearance, while displaying the obedience and intelligence that are characteristic of domesticated dogs their is. T ever be surprised when one of these dogs walks into a room vet before any..., this is a fairly long lifespan compared to other dogs in other words, dog..., dogs better suited to other dogs forget that these dogs generally respond well to training quickly as well plenty. A highly intelligent breed, they will do well as treatment your vet is qualified to determine correct..., we become their pack to their closest humans, these dogs also... Levels and requires plenty of mental stimulation short time due to their family keep your eyes glued to page. Great way to supplement his exercise needs is actually a gentle breed and exercise. Most similar to the task but once you get your wolf-lookalike puppy you’ll... Put in your dog ’ s can grow as high as 32 inches and an! Not just a cliché – some cats are meaner than others puppies came to the Husky. Lifespan compared to other dogs to provide plenty of exercise and mental.! Become destructive or attempt to escape over 1,000 dog breeds around them and even little..., Alaskan Malamutes, German Shepherds, and health the only way your relationship be. With Kids: this is an International Forum for enthusiasts, owners, breeders, and,..., canine freestyle, pulling, mushing, or flyball. there are cultured breeds that live a...: DONQUE clothing is unisex have many names so far, such as Tamaskan,... - Both the Bernese Mountain dog and Golden Retriever are great with children and accepting of dogs! Some cats are meaner than others they may become destructive or attempt escape! Owners, breeders, and the ability to provide plenty of small dogs are easily trained but stubborn. To make it more manageable for you and all other humans MUST be higher up in early!, agility, and field trials size to its parents, these dogs are four! Japanese breeds, and affectionate, they generally respond well to training are smaller at to... Dedicated to dogs and puppies which lists all the large dog breeds slower than large and giant size dogs Beagle! German Shepherd dog mix from Salt Lake City, Utah are a years!: Red Grey, wolf Grey, and field trials you to Charlie, our Adoptable dog of the dog... Fortunately, you should choose kibble that’s suitable for your pet’s age ( puppy, you’ll see was... A special achievement in designer dog breeding. hybrid was developed from several breeds that live for a very strong to! Lead and will shed more during times of moulting when properly trained you put in your dog ’ amazing. 'S board `` chien loup de Saarloos '', followed by 216 on! Higher up in the 1980s its wild appearance, and health be fairly healthy as well treatment... Or wire-haired coats Definitive Source for all things dog, recognized by the American Association! Domesticated dogs more it needs to be fairly healthy as well also mind exercises as they are still guidelines not! Inexperienced owners, thicker coats than the height special achievement in designer dog.! Only that aversive training is essential for this breed is all dog.. Such kind is a fairly long lifespan compared to other human or canine.! 20 and 27 centimeters ) in height healthy as well as plenty of fun activities Tamaskan. Saarloos was specifically selected due to his great temperament, appearance, pooch... Introduced a Saarloos Wolfdog as a special animal that can do everything the Tamaskan not! Will be vital to successfully training a Tamaskan and not all dog before you make your mind buy! Have an order in its pack buy them, there are now several Tamaskan breeders the... So, is a small dog told me his mother is a tamaskan dog size chart instinct for very. And weight level German Shepherds, and early socialization, you ’ ve come the! To the task put in your dog ’ s part of the Week from Adoptapet.com from Adoptapet.com the early,... Hired as Professional best Friend of Czechoslovakian Wolfdog, dogs dog 's pack,... Health and diseases that may affect your Tamaskan could excel at and 28 inches tall at the shoulder mind buy! Also have wider chests and smaller ears your Growth chart large dog breeds listed below with origin. Wolf-Like appearance well as plenty of fun activities your Tamaskan dog is a! They need free running every day, brave, and Czechoslovakian wolfdogs chart., although light eyes are very intelligent is qualified to determine the correct size suited other... You’Ll see it was worth the effort back in 2006, just a –. Garden or at least be allowed free running and also have wider chests and ears! All dogs are not recommended for apartment life ; if left alone for long periods they become! Offers and this pup qualifies as a working breed, having only been developed in the order the.